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Know the Tax Treaty Benefits for Non-Residents If You Want to Minimise Your International Taxes

Mar 22, 2024 | USA Accounting

If you’re a non-resident earning in the US or eyeing the American market for investments, you won’t want to miss this! Discover the tax treaty benefits for non-residents and how they can put more money in your pocket.

Navigating International Taxes: Understanding Tax Treaty Benefits for Non-Resident

If you are a foreign national earning income in the United States or considering investing in the US market, it’s crucial to clearly understand the tax treaty benefits for non-residents and how they can work to your advantage.

By utilising the provisions within tax treaty benefits for non-resident, you can potentially reduce your tax burden and maximise your profits. In this blog, we will delve deeper into the essential aspects of tax treaties, their benefits, and how you can leverage them effectively.

An Overview of the Tax Treaty Benefits for Non-Resident

What are Tax Treaties?

Tax treaties are bilateral agreements between two countries to regulate taxes on individuals and businesses with activities in both nations.

The primary goal of these treaties is to prevent double taxation, ensuring that taxpayers do not pay taxes on the same income in both their home country and the foreign country.

Importance of Tax Treaties for Non-Residents

Tax treaties play a vital role in determining their tax liabilities for non-residents. These treaties outline specific rules for different types of income, such as wages, dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains, earned by non-residents in the USA.

Applicability of Tax Treaties

Applying a tax treaty depends on the taxpayer’s country of residence, the type of income, and the specific provisions outlined in the treaty itself.

To take advantage of these benefits, knowing the tax treaty’s provisions between your country of residence and the USA is essential.

Tax Treaty Benefits for Non-Resident

1. Reduced Withholding Tax Rates on Income

One of the key tax treaty benefits for non-residents is the reduction of withholding tax rates on various types of income. Withholding taxes are taxes deducted at the source by the payer before the income is disbursed to the recipient.

Example: Under the tax treaty between Country A and the USA, the withholding tax rate on dividends for non-residents might be reduced from the standard rate of 30% to a lower rate of 15%.

2. Exemption or Reduced Tax on Certain Types of Income

Tax treaties often provide exemptions or reduced tax rates on certain types of income, such as royalties, interest, and capital gains. These provisions can significantly lower your tax liabilities, allowing you to retain more earnings.

Example: Non-residents may be exempt from capital gains tax on the sale of certain assets in the USA under the tax treaty between their home country and the USA.

3. Protection from Double Taxation

The core purpose of tax treaties is to prevent double taxation of the same income. By determining which country has the primary right to tax specific types of income, tax treaties ensure that taxpayers are not taxed twice on the same income.

4. Treaty Tie-Breaker Rules for Residency Determination

Tax treaties also establish tie-breaker rules for determining an individual’s tax residency when they qualify as a resident in both their home country and the USA. This avoids dual residency issues and ensures that individuals are subject to taxation in only one country.

Example: If an individual is considered a resident of both Country B and the USA, the tax treaty benefits for non-resident tie-breaker rules will determine their residency status based on factors such as permanent home, centre of vital interests, habitual abode, and nationality.

5. Enhanced Tax Compliance and Reporting

Tax treaties often include provisions for mutual assistance in tax matters and the exchange of information between countries. This facilitates enhanced tax compliance and reporting, reducing the risk of tax evasion and promoting transparency in cross-border financial activities.

Leveraging Tax Treaty Benefits for Non-Resident: Best Practices for Non-Residents

To make the most of tax treaties and minimise international taxes as a non-resident in the USA, follow these key steps:

Determine Eligibility

Understand the residency rules and provisions of the tax treaty benefits for non-residents between your country of residence and the USA to see if you qualify.

Seek Professional Advice

Consult a qualified tax professional with expertise in international tax law to ensure accurate compliance and maximise available benefits.

Keep Accurate Records

Maintain detailed income, expenses, and tax payment records in your home country and the USA to substantiate eligibility and address potential audit inquiries.

Stay Informed

Stay updated on any changes or updates to tax treaties to leverage the most current benefits.

Consider Tax Planning

Explore tax planning strategies, such as income deferral and tax credits, in alignment with the provisions of the tax treaty benefits for non-residents to optimise your tax position.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I know if I qualify for US tax treaty benefits?

To determine eligibility for US tax treaty benefits, individuals must meet specific criteria: 
Reside in a country with a tax treaty with the US
Qualify as a Non-Resident Alien for Tax Purposes in the US
Earn qualifying income within the United States
Possess a US Social Security Number.

What is the US tax treaty limitation on benefits?

The US tax treaty’s “Limitation on Benefits” (LOB) article is designed as an anti-treaty shopping provision to prevent residents of third countries from accessing treaty benefits that were not intended for them.

The LOB article ensures that treaty benefits are available only to those who meet specific requirements and have genuine connections to the countries involved in the treaty.

What countries do not have a tax treaty with the United States?

Several countries do not have a tax treaty with the United States. Some examples include Afghanistan, Angola, Bahrain, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Chad, and Comoros.

However, tax treaties are subject to change and negotiation, so it’s essential to check with the US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for the most current information.


Understanding the tax treaty benefits for non-residents in the USA is vital for optimizing your international tax strategy. By leveraging the provisions within tax treaties, you can minimize your tax liability and enhance your financial outcomes in your cross-border endeavours.

Check out Sterlinx Global for further accounting, business, and tax advice.

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